Agustina de Aragón, (4 March, 1786 – May 29, 1857) a brave woman of Spanish who protected Spain in the Spanish War of Independence, first as a civilian and later as a professional officer in the Spanish Army. Known as "the Spanish Joan of Arc," she is being the topic of much mythology, folklore and artwork, including sketches by Francisco de Goya and the poetry of Lord Byron.
In the summer of 1808, Zaragoza was one of the last cities in northern Spain not to have fallen to the forces of Napoleon and was therefore, by the time of the siege, choked with vast amount of refugees escaping the enhancing Grande Armée. In early June, the French started to move on on Zaragoza, which had unseen war for lot more around 450 years and was detained by a small local force under José de Palafox, whose bravery would come to rival Agustina's.
On June 15, 1808, the French army blizzard the Portillo, an antique doorway into the town protected by a mixture battery of old cannons and a greatly exceeded volunteer unit. Agustina, coming on the ramparts with a basket of apples to nourish the gunners, observed the nearby protectors fall to French bayonets. The Spanish groups broke ranks, having experienced serious casualties, and abandoned their posts. With the French groups a several yards away, Agustina rushed forward, loaded field gun, slicing a wave of assailants at point blank series.
Inventive reports on Agustina propose that she was not passionately nationalistic or religious, but an common girl aggravated by battle. In the more of the period, a lady who obtained on "manly" obligations posed an issue. Although, as the jailed French King of Spain was smeared of God, the Church considered it the duty of every Spaniard to take up arms against his captors.
Agustina began to struggle for the associated armed forces as Wellington's sole lady official and eventually rose to the rank of Captain. On June 21, 1813, she performed as a face line array commander at the Battle of Vitoria under the authority of Major Cairncross, who informed directly to Wellington himself. This war was to see the French Army that had engaged Spain effectively smashed beyond repair and driven out of Spain.
After the war, she got married a doctor and, late in life, she then became a recognizable area in Zaragoza as reputable aged female, wearisome medals, which used to walk round the Portillo.