Artemisia was a queen of Halicarnassus in 480 BC, ally of Persian king Xerxes all through his invasion of Greece.
Halicarnassus was a Graeco-Carian city that belonged for the empire of the Persian Achaemenids. The Persian superiors liked their cities to be controlled by 1 leader, and never by an uncontrollable democracy or oligarchy, and favored Lygdamis as king of Halicarnassus. When he died, he was successful by his spawn Artemisia that is ideal known to us from your Histories from the Greek examiner Herodotus, also a Halicarnassian.
He mentions that in 480 BCE, once the Persian king Xerxes attacked Greece, Artemisia the queen of Halicarnassus, commanded 5 ships from her small state, which incorporated her Graeco-Carian capital and Calydna, Cos, and Nisyros. This latter city is just not to be puzzled with Calynda, a close by metropolis which was ruled by Damasitheos the king. Once the army of Xerxes proceeded to Europe, the queen of Halicarnassus plus the king of Calynda were built with a quarrel, about which we usually do not know very much.
She appears to possess behaved bravely throughout the naval war off Artemisium, and counsels in opposition to the naval engagement ceremony at Salamis. If this battle did get put as well as the Persian fleet was previously defeated, her ship, looking to get away from the Greek chief named Ameinias, rammed the ship of Damasitheos, who did not survive this assault. In accordance to Herodotus, Xerxes had not witnessed how this took place and was unaware that the sinking ship was one of his individual, and as a result praised Artemisia's courage.
Soon after the battle, she suggested Xerxes to not stay in Greece, but revisit Asia. Likely, he wanted to do that anyhow, for the reason that at that second, Babylonia was unquiet, a thing not known to Herodotus.
Herodotus also told us that Artemisia took Xerxes' sons to Ephesus from Greece, and there she disappears from history nicely, not entirely. Inside British Museum working in london, you can begin to see the calcite jar demonstrated around the picture. The object was made in Egypt and includes an extremely brief inscription in Babylonian, Aged Persian, Elamite, and Egyptian: The good king Xerxes.
The inscription itself just isn't particularly fascinating, however the fact that Xerxes' jar was learned within the Halicarnassian Mausoleum, is fairly sensational. The high-priced present handed as a result of the Carian royal line and was ultimately offered as being a funeral gift to Maussolus and his spouse, who was also termed Artemisia and seems to possess been fairly a warrior herself.